Sooner or later, every person in this world dies. It’s a phenomenon that no one can escape, even if you have all the money in the world. After all, money can’t buy an extension of one’s life. As such, it’s best that one lives their life to the fullest.
In relation to this, one of the most common causes of death nowadays, second to heart disease, is cancer. Medically speaking, cancer refers to the proliferation of immature cells that do not have regulation over their growth. Ultimately, they end up invading other organ systems, causing irreparable damage.
Until today, medical researches attempt to find a cure for this dreaded disease. Though there’s chemotherapy and surgery, the prognosis of a cancer patient is higher when cancer’s discovered in its early stages. Once the disease starts spreading to other body organs, there’s no turning back.
What are the common cancer signs and symptoms?
- Change in bowel/bladder habits
- Sore that does not heal
- Persistent cough
- Blood in stool, urine or saliva
- Lumps in breast or testicle
- Voice hoarseness
- Swollen glands
- Changes in warts/moles
- Heavy and unusual vaginal bleeding/discharge
- Weight loss
However, one must know the different types of cancer before treatment options can be discussed.
Common cancer types
- Non-melanoma skin cancer
- Forms on the skin cells, which can affect any part of the body but most commonly occurs on sun-exposed areas
- Affects older people and those with lowered immunities
- Types of skin cancer
- Squamous cell skin cancer
- Cancer that affects the flat cells on top of the skin
- Basal skin cancer
- Affects the round cells inside the outer layer of the skin
- Lung cancer
- Affects the cells inside the lung’s lining
- Types of lung cancer
- Small cell lung cancer
- Non-small cell lung cancer
- Breast cancer
- Most common cancer in women
- Though this cancer type’s common in women, about 1,900 cases of breast cancer in men are diagnosed every year
- Prostate cancer
- Affects men aged 50 and above
- Involves the tissues inside the prostate gland, a part of the male reproductive system found at the base of the bladder near the rectal area.
- Colorectal cancer
- Affects the colon, part of the large intestine that breaks down and digests food and the rectum, which is the distal part of the large intestine near the anus.
- Bladder cancer
- Affects the tissues inside the bladder
- Two types of cancer of the bladder
- Transitional cell carcinoma
- Squamous cell carcinoma
- A type of skin cancer involving the melanocyte cells who are responsible for skin pigmentation
There are still more common cancer types that aren’t mentioned here but you can always make a research on them over the internet.